Listed in Electronics and Electrical
- Building C, shiyan industrial park, Yi feng RD, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China
A variable frequency drive controls alternating current torque and motor speed in electro-mechanical drive systems. In layman’s terms, it is an adjustable speed drive that regulates the frequency and voltage to the motor. You can find variable frequency drives, or VFDs, in everything from small appliances to giant compressors.
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For industrial purpose the power is to be delivered for larger distance hence AC power supply is required to drive the motors. The rectifier in a VFD is used to convert incoming ac power into direct current(dc) power. There are 3 pair of rectifier combination is used for converting 3 phase AC into DC Normally 6,12 or 18 diodes will be used to serve this purpose. Rectifiers can be built using diodes, silicon controlled rectifiers(SCR), or transistors to rectify power. After the power flows through the rectifiers it is stored on a dc bus. The dc bus contains capacitors to accept power from the rectifier and stores it and finally delivers that power through the inverter section.
Variable frequency drives can be used to control the speed of a machine. There can be significant energy reduction if the machine is slowed down when it does not need to operate at full speed. For example, pumps operated so that they run at a speed dependent on the flow requirements will reduce the cavitation losses in the pump. If the pump is required to run at constant full speed, the addition of a VFD will actually waste another 5% of energy.
Electric motors convert electrical energy into rotational mechanical energy. Motors may drive pumps, fans, compressors, or any other number of loads that may be found in a typical building. The concept seems simple, but a review of motor basics is necessary to understand how VFDs operate and also how they can destroy a motor.
All VFD applications require programming. You have to make it do what you want. Parameters like minimum and maximum frequencies, number of motor poles, maximum current, overload response, braking behavior, acceleration profiles, etc. must be set by the user to match your installation’s needs. The voltage/frequency curve is user configurable too, which is very useful for your kind of application where you are operating outside the normal frequency range of the motor. Good VFDs come with a display that can be set to show the motor speed (or any number of other parameters). If I were doing this, I would use a 1HP 208V two-pole motor and a 1HP VFD with a 240V input.
1hp VFD blows one of the fuses on the line side of the drive and then continues to operate on single phase supply. The fuse size that keeps blowing is a 6A fuse. This motor is a 9-lead motor which originally was wired incorrectly, which we thought was the problem, however now we have confirmed that the motor is wired correctly and it is still blowing this same phase fuse every time. I wouldn’t suspect the fuses are too small because after the fuse blows and the drive is running on single phase supply we would expect the current on the two remaining phases to increase and thus blow the other two fuses if they were marginal.